Siva and His Titles:
Siva and His Titles
He is known by many names and titles. As a god of anger, He is
Rudra, the Red One, feared by one and all. As Kailasapathi, He is
the Lord of Kailash, His Abode in the Himalayas. As Purusha, He
is Iswara Himself. As the Lord of the beings, He is known as
Pasupathinath. As the husband of Uma, the Mother Goddess, He is
known as Umapathi or Parvathipathi.
As the bearer of the sacred river Ganges, He is known as
Ganagadhar. Because of His matted hair, He is dearly called as
Jatadhari, by His ascetic followers. As a perfect being, He is
Siddheshwar. With His Trident in His hands, He became popular as
heroic and fearless Trisuladhari. As the world teacher, Adi
Shankara eulogized him as Dakhshinamurthi in his famous book,
"Hymns to Dakhshinamurthi".
To the connoisseurs of art, He is well known as Nataraja,
master of all dance forms. As the perfect Yogi, He is credited
with the source of all knowledge concerning the various yogas.
Such was His powers and divinity, that Lord Vishnu in His
incarnations as Rama and Krishna, worshipped Him with great
reverence. He was dearer not only to gods but also to demons.
Many demons like Ravana, Bhasmasur and Surapathma were His
ardent followers, to whom He gave several boons out of His
unbound love and in the process invited great trouble for Himself
and for others. Ever willing to help those who are in distress,
He saved the cosmos and all the gods by partaking Halahal during
the churning of the oceans.
It is interesting to note that while He is worshipped as he is
the guru of Tantrics sastras relating to kama, He is also known
for destroying the physical form of Cupid, kama with His third
eye when the latter tried to disturb Him during His meditation.
Men and women love Him alike for his unsurpassed qualities of
love and generosity. Even today many young and unmarried girls in
India worship Him and pray to Him seeking a devoted husband like
Because of His close association with Vishnu, He is also known
as Hari Har. Combining in Himself both the male and female
aspects of creation, He earned the popular name of
Ardhanariswara. As rider of the Bull Nandi, He is known to the
world as Nandiswara. Loved by His children Ganesha and Skanda,
and followed by His dutiful wife Parvathi, He became a symbol of
ideal householder to His devotees despite of His well-known image
as an introvert and an ideal ascetic.