Aspects of Lord Siva:
Siva is known by several names and worshipped in various
forms. We are mentioning below some of his most famous
Sivalingam: The Sivalingam is the symbolic of the Supreme
Self. It is verily Maheswara Himself, the Highest Self and the
Lord of the universe. In this aspect it has three parts. The
lower part represents Brahma. The middle part, which is octagonal
in shape, represents Vishnu. The upper part, which is cylindrical
in shape, represents Rudra and is also called Pujabhaga.
Sivalingam literally means the body of Siva. Next to the
symbol of AUM, it is perhaps the most potent, powerful and
popular symbol in entire Hinduism. In almost all the Siva
temples, worship is generally made to Sivalingas only. In the
North part of India, we come across his images in the sanctum
sanctorum of any Siva temple. A Sivalingam is usually a round or
cylindrical and protruding object. The cylindrical part is held
firmly by a circular base.
On the physical plane, the object resembles the male sexual
organ, suggestive of the creative power of Siva. The octagonal
base resembles that of the female, suggestive of his consort
Parvathi. Physically a Sivalingam is a phallic symbol,
representing the male and female sexual organs in a state of
Mentally it symbolizes the union of mind and body. Spiritually
it represents the union between Purusha and Prakriti, the highest
principles of the manifest universe.
The Sivalingas are normally found installed in the temples .
But many devotees of Siva keep them in their houses and offer
regular worship. People are however cautioned not to keep
Sivalingas in their houses without offering worship, since they
are believed to be powerful sources of divine energy.
Sivalingas are either naturally found or made artificially.
Different materials are used in their making, such as clay, gold,
crystal, glass, diamonds, precious stones and wood.
The round and smooth stones found in the river beds of the
Narmada or the Godavari are considered to be the most ideal for
worship. Sometimes Sivlingas are made temporarily with clay or
sandal paste and disposed of after worship. Some devotees wear
Sivalingas on their bodies or around their necks. When Sivalingas
are found fortuitously in the river beds and desolate places, it
is considered to be a great omen. They are housed in temples or
houses and offered regular worship.