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Mangal - The Mars
Veera Dhwajaaya Vidhmahe
Vigna Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Bhowma Pracho Dhayaath
Dharanee garbha Sambhootham
Vidhyuth kaanthi Samaprabham
Kumaaram Sakthi Hasthancha
Mangalam Pranamaam Yaham.
The one who is the son of Bhooma Devi, One who has the lustre of
lightning, One who has Shakthi in his hand, and the auspoicious
one, I prostrate that Angaraka.
In Vedic astrology Mars is know as MANGAL, ANGARAKA and KUJA. These names in
Sanskrit mean, "auspicious, burning coal, and the fair one". Mars is a malefic.
He rules over the two sidereal signs of Aries and Scorpio. He is exalted in
Capricorn and fallen in the opposite sign of Cancer. Mars is often depicted
as a god with a red body exemplifying the natural color of the astronomical
body in the sky.
Kuja is a karaka, or indicator, of brother and siblings, assertion, aggressiveness,
soldiers and military endeavors, mechanical ability, engineers and surgeons,
commanders and rulers, accidents, violence and war, ambition, strength, arguments
and conflict, passion and desire.
Like Surya, the Sun, Mars most powerful position is in the 10th House. He is
a particularly beneficial planet for Cancer or Leo Ascendants. His nature is
PITTA, or fiery. His gem is red coral and his direction is south. Mars' day
is Tuesday and he reaches full maturity at age 28.
In Vedic mythology Mars appears to have been born of the Earth. SARVA, the
archer, represents the element of Earth as the supporter of life. Sarva's wife
VIKESI, the disheveled, is the Earth goddess. The Puranic literature of ancient
India declares that Angaraka, Mars is their son born of the Earth. Mars is further
identified with the Kartikeya, the god of war. He is the son of the god Shiva,
who was born without Shiva's union with a woman. Kartikeya was born with six
heads as the six goddesses of the lunar constellation, Kritika, or the Pleiades
nurtured him. Kartikeya kills the seemingly invincible demon Taraka, and releases
the Devas from Taraka's oppression. These myths depict valor, strength and courage,
and most fittingly, the protective quality of Mars. Thus, Mars is known as the
protector of dharma, the sacred path and purpose in life that each of us follows.
In the Zodiac, ANGARAKA or MARS is regarded as a God of martial character,
red in every aspect. Even the Romans held him as their Guru. In the Zodiac,
He is the Lord of "Mesha" and "Vrischika". He stays 1 1/2 months in each Rasi
taking 18 months to complete the cycle.
A prayer to this planet frees one from debts, poverty and illness afflicting
the skin. This graha bestows property and conveyance (Locomotion). A prayer
to Angaraka can restore loss of eyesight. Tuesdays are intended for the worship
of Angaraka who loves the chanting of Sama Veda. If one observes the fast on
Tuesday for 21 times, the unlucky influence of Tuesday (Mangal) can be got rid
MARS YANTRA: This is the yantra for Mars based on the number
three. the numbers add up to 21 for each column, or 63 for the total.
DHYANAM: Dharanigarbha samphutam vidut kanti samaprabham
kumaram sakti hastam ca Mangalam pranmam yaham II
MOOL MANTRA: Aim hmaum srim dram kam graha dhi rajaya yhaumaya savah I
GAYATRI: AUM Angarkaya vidmahe, bhoomipalaya dhimahi, tanno
PLANT SAMIT: Ebony tree
The Mars And The Astronomy
Mars is the fourth closest planet to the Sun and the second closest planet
to Earth; only Venus is closer to our planet. Mars is the third smallest planet;
only Mercury and Pluto are smaller. In fact, Mars' diameter is only about half
that of the Earth and it's mass is only about one-tenth that of our planet.
The strength of Mars' gravitational pull is only 38 percent that of Earth. The
two moons of Mars are not round but are shaped like potatoes. Phobos and Deimos
are their names.
If you want to examine Mars' surface features, all you need is a telescope;
it is the only planet whose surface features can be seen from Earth. When you
look at the planet, you'll see why it's called the "Red Planet." Mars' surface
is heavily oxidized, or rusted, which gives it a reddish color. In fact, Mars
was named after the bloody-red Roman god of war. Running water shaped the planet's
surface. Mars' Valles Marineris canyon system, which runs for over 2,500 miles
and has three to six miles of relief between the tops and bottoms of its plateaus,
is the largest and deepest known canyon system in our solar system. The canyon
system is four times as deep as our Grand Canyon. Olympus Mons, the planet's
tallest volcano, is three times higher than Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain.
The planet's surface also has many craters from meteorite impacts.
Although running water shaped Mars's surface, the planet is now a desert because
of its low temperature and pressure. Mars is a very cold planet. It is colder
than the Earth because it is farther from the Sun. Because of its distance from
the sun, one year on Mars is equal to 687 Earth days. Although there isn't any
running water on Mars, there are "ice" caps. However, they are really made of
frozen carbon dioxide and frozen water. Each year, as one of the planet's polar
ice caps grows the other one shrinks - then the reverse happens.
Mars's atmosphere is very thin; it's only about one-hundredth as thick as the
Earth's atmosphere. Carbon dioxide makes up about 95 percent of the planet's
atmosphere. The planet's sky looks pink because of the red dust blown by the
wind. In fact, every Martian year the planet has a global dust storm with the
force of a hurricane. The storm usually occurs at the start of the Southern
Hemisphere's spring season. There is also a wave of darkening that seems to
run from the equator to each hemisphere's pole during its spring.
Although there are many differences between Mars and Earth, there are some
similarities. Both planets are tilted on their rotational axes. Because of this,
both planets experience seasonal changes in climate. In the past, temperature
and atmospheric conditions on Mars were more probably more like those conditions
on our planet. It was probably warmer and the atmospheric pressure was probably
higher. Mars was probably even warm enough to support running water. Today,
however, Mars' seasons last two times longer than Earth's and are more extreme.
One day on Mars lasts about 24 hours and 37 minutes.
Scientists have always been intrigued by the possibility that life may have
existed on Mars. Percival Lowell, an American astronomer, saw what he thought
were canals on Mars that he speculated might have been built to carry drinking
water for Martians. Since that time, however, astronomers have learned that
there aren't any canals on the planet.
Several unmanned spacecraft have visited Mars. The Mariner 4 gave us our first
views of the planet in 1964. In 1969, Mariners 6 and 7 performed flyby missions.
The first accurate, full-planet map of Mars was made in 1971 by the Mariner
9 orbiter. In 1976, the U.S. Viking 1 and 2 orbiters sent spacecraft to Mars'
surface to look for evidence of life. This was the first landing on Mars, but
the spacecraft found no evidence of life. In 1996, possible evidence of life
on Mars was discovered in a meteorite on Earth. The evidence is still being
disputed, however. In 1997, the Mars Pathfinder was sent to examine Mars' surface.
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