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Budha - The Mercury

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Gaja Dhwajaya Vidhmahe
Suka Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Bhuda Pracho Dhayaath

Piryangu kali Kaasyaamam
Roope'naa Prathimam Budham
Sowmyam sowmya Gunopetham
Tham Bhudham Pranamaam Yaham.

The one who is dark like the bud of Priyangu flower, One who is unequalled in beauty and is intelligent, And the son of Chandra, One who is peaceful, I prostrate that Budha.

Knowledge, music, astrology, maths, sculpting, medicine, language skills are the beneficial aspects of Budha. The sthalam of Budha is Thiruvengadu, which is located 15kms from Sirgazhi enroute to Poompuhar. Budha's wife is Ilai. The presiding deities are Swedharanyeshwarar and his consort Ambal. Budha is the Lord of Mithunam and Kanni Rasi and he faces the North-East direction. The Adi Devatha is Vishnu and the Prathyathi Devatha Narayanan; his colour is light green; his vahana - the horse; the grain associated with him is full green moong dhal; the flower - white kanthal flower; fabric- green cloth; gem - maragadam; food - rice mixed with moong dhal powder

Mercury is known as Budha, the awakened discriminating intellect and the part of us that knows. Mercury is benefice if associated with benefice grahas, and malefic is associated with malefic grahas. He is known as grahapati, or lord of the planets.

Mercury rules over two signs of the sidereal zodiac, Gemini and Virgo. He is exalted in Virgo at 15 degrees, and in his fall in the opposite sign of Pisces. Where the Moon is the innocent mind, Mercury is the intellect that discriminates between benefic and malefic ideas, or good and evil.

The intellect is neutral and becomes whatever it is associated with. Mercury is learned in behavior. Mercury is a karaka or indicator of intelligence, commerce, education, communication writing, books, humor, scholars, thieves and astrologers. Vedic sage Parasara describes him; "Mercury is endowed with an attractive physique and the capacity to use words with many meanings. He is fond of jokes..."

Mercury reaches full maturity at age 32. In Vedic myth Mercury is born of the Moon. One myth recounts how the Moon, overcome with lust, abducts Tara, the wife of Brihaspati, or Jupiter. Out of their union Budha, or Mercury is born. Thus the intellect is born of the mind.

There is a relationship of enmity between the Moon and Mercury that belies a deep truth. The Moon is innocent in its observation, while Mercury is evaluative and discriminating in its observation.

Budha or Mercury is considered as the greatest among the wise. This Devata bestows wisdom and wealth etc. on his devotees. He removes evil thoughts from their minds. He is the chief among GNANIS (realized souls). He is considered Vishnu Rupi, because of his beauty and resemblance. A prayer to Him, especially on Wednesdays brings in manifold benefits like removal of all obstacles, helps one to get a progeny, possession of fertile lands etc.

In the Zodiac this Devata is the Lord of Mithuna and Kanya. He stays like the Sun, one month in each Rasi completes the cycle in 12 months, more or less closely in the footsteps of the Sun. Mercury's favorite placement is rising in the 1st House. His nature is VATA, or Airy. His gem is Emerald and his metal is all form of alloys. His direction is north and his ruling day is Wednesday.

In Vedic myth Mercury is born of the Moon. One myth recounts how the Moon, overcome with lust, abducts Tara, the wife of Brihaspati, or Jupiter. Out of their union Budha, or Mercury is born. Thus the intellect is born of the mind. There is a relationship of enmity between the Moon and Mercury that belies a deep truth. The Moon is innocent in its observation, while Mercury is evaluative and discriminating in its observation. Pure, innocent consciousness was at odds with the commercial, evaluative intellect in ancient India as often as it is today!

This is the planet, which represents speech, communication and commerce on all levels. In his lower function he organizes and articulates material resources.

On a higher level he connects us with our inner capacities, the powers of the mind. As Jupiter generally represents the higher or abstract mind, Mercury indicates the lower or concrete mind, the intellect or informational mentality. As a planet of commerce, Mercury represents trade, or articles of trade, including money. He may value communication and public opinion more than truth, and become dependent on and defensive of whatever is the strongest environmental influence.

Under a strong negative Saturn influence Mercury can lose its power and show lack of intelligence. Afflictions to Mercury do not always give lack of intelligence or intellect, however. They may cause some other harm, like speech defects, nervous disorders.

Other planets, like Jupiter can give intelligence, but without a strong Mercury there will be difficulty in expressing it, particularly through the written word. Telephone, radio, television and computers are products of Mercurial needs aligned with the engineering capacity of Mars.

Mercury Yantra: This yantra for Mercury is based on the number four. The numbers add up to 24 for each column and 72 for the total.

METAL: ALLOY OF METALS

DHYANAM:
Priyangu kalikas yamam rupena pratymam Budham

saumyam saumya gunopetam tam Budham prana mamyaham

MOOLA MANTRA:
Aum hram krom aim grahanathaya budhay savaha

The Mercury And The Astronomy

Mercury is a small, rocky planet that is closest to the sun. It is covered with billions of craters where meteorites have struck its surface. Its varied terrain also includes gently rolling plains; smooth, flat plains; long, steep cliffs called scarps; and hills. Mercury's surface is covered with regolith, a layer of scattered rubble created by the same impacts that caused its craters. There are large sheets of ice on the planet's polar regions. Mercury has a very thin atmosphere that is made of hydrogen, helium, potassium, and sulfur. It is the only planet besides Venus without any moons.

At an average distance of 36 million miles, Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. Because of this it receives about seven times as much heat and light as the Earth does. In fact, it is hard to see the planet from Earth without a telescope because it is so close to the Sun. Mercury is the smallest inner planet; except for Pluto, it is the smallest planet. It is also a very dense planet. It would take 16 times the mass of Mercury to equal the mass of Earth. The planet's diameter is about 3,030 miles - that's about two-fifths that of the Earth. Mercury's force of gravity is about one-third as strong as Earth's.

Mercury travels around the Sun faster than any other planet - that's why the ancient Romans named it in honor of the swift messenger of their gods. However, the planet spins so slowly on its axis that one day on Mercury would last 59 Earth days. That means it rotates completely on its axis every 59 Earth days. It makes one revolution around the Sun every 88 Earth days. However, the time between sunrises on Mercury is 176 Earth days.

The side of Mercury that faces the Sun gets hot enough to melt lead. The temperature on that side of the planet is about 810 degrees F. The side of Mercury that faces away from the Sun gets hundreds of degrees colder than any place on Earth. The temperature on that side of the planet is about -290 degrees F.



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