Budha - The Mercury
Gaja Dhwajaya Vidhmahe
Suka Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Bhuda Pracho Dhayaath
Piryangu kali Kaasyaamam
Roope'naa Prathimam Budham
Sowmyam sowmya Gunopetham
Tham Bhudham Pranamaam Yaham.
The one who is dark like the bud of Priyangu flower, One who is
unequalled in beauty and is intelligent, And the son of Chandra,
One who is peaceful, I prostrate that Budha.
Knowledge, music, astrology, maths, sculpting, medicine, language skills are
the beneficial aspects of Budha. The sthalam of Budha is Thiruvengadu, which
is located 15kms from Sirgazhi enroute to Poompuhar. Budha's wife is Ilai. The
presiding deities are Swedharanyeshwarar and his consort Ambal. Budha is the
Lord of Mithunam and Kanni Rasi and he faces the North-East direction. The Adi
Devatha is Vishnu and the Prathyathi Devatha Narayanan; his colour is light
green; his vahana - the horse; the grain associated with him is full green moong
dhal; the flower - white kanthal flower; fabric- green cloth; gem - maragadam;
food - rice mixed with moong dhal powder
Mercury is known as Budha, the awakened discriminating intellect and the part
of us that knows. Mercury is benefice if associated with benefice grahas, and
malefic is associated with malefic grahas. He is known as grahapati, or lord
of the planets.
Mercury rules over two signs of the sidereal zodiac, Gemini and Virgo. He is
exalted in Virgo at 15 degrees, and in his fall in the opposite sign of Pisces.
Where the Moon is the innocent mind, Mercury is the intellect that discriminates
between benefic and malefic ideas, or good and evil.
The intellect is neutral and becomes whatever it is associated with. Mercury
is learned in behavior. Mercury is a karaka or indicator of intelligence, commerce,
education, communication writing, books, humor, scholars, thieves and astrologers.
Vedic sage Parasara describes him; "Mercury is endowed with an attractive physique
and the capacity to use words with many meanings. He is fond of jokes..."
Mercury reaches full maturity at age 32. In Vedic myth Mercury is born of the
Moon. One myth recounts how the Moon, overcome with lust, abducts Tara, the
wife of Brihaspati, or Jupiter. Out of their union Budha, or Mercury is born.
Thus the intellect is born of the mind.
There is a relationship of enmity between the Moon and Mercury that belies
a deep truth. The Moon is innocent in its observation, while Mercury is evaluative
and discriminating in its observation.
Budha or Mercury is considered as the greatest among the wise. This Devata
bestows wisdom and wealth etc. on his devotees. He removes evil thoughts from
their minds. He is the chief among GNANIS (realized souls). He is considered
Vishnu Rupi, because of his beauty and resemblance. A prayer to Him, especially
on Wednesdays brings in manifold benefits like removal of all obstacles, helps
one to get a progeny, possession of fertile lands etc.
In the Zodiac this Devata is the Lord of Mithuna and Kanya. He stays like the
Sun, one month in each Rasi completes the cycle in 12 months, more or less closely
in the footsteps of the Sun. Mercury's favorite placement is rising in the 1st
House. His nature is VATA, or Airy. His gem is Emerald and his metal is all
form of alloys. His direction is north and his ruling day is Wednesday.
In Vedic myth Mercury is born of the Moon. One myth recounts how the Moon,
overcome with lust, abducts Tara, the wife of Brihaspati, or Jupiter. Out of
their union Budha, or Mercury is born. Thus the intellect is born of the mind.
There is a relationship of enmity between the Moon and Mercury that belies a
deep truth. The Moon is innocent in its observation, while Mercury is evaluative
and discriminating in its observation. Pure, innocent consciousness was at odds
with the commercial, evaluative intellect in ancient India as often as it is
This is the planet, which represents speech, communication and commerce on
all levels. In his lower function he organizes and articulates material resources.
On a higher level he connects us with our inner capacities, the powers of the
mind. As Jupiter generally represents the higher or abstract mind, Mercury indicates
the lower or concrete mind, the intellect or informational mentality. As a planet
of commerce, Mercury represents trade, or articles of trade, including money.
He may value communication and public opinion more than truth, and become dependent
on and defensive of whatever is the strongest environmental influence.
Under a strong negative Saturn influence Mercury can lose its power and show
lack of intelligence. Afflictions to Mercury do not always give lack of intelligence
or intellect, however. They may cause some other harm, like speech defects,
Other planets, like Jupiter can give intelligence, but without a strong Mercury
there will be difficulty in expressing it, particularly through the written
word. Telephone, radio, television and computers are products of Mercurial needs
aligned with the engineering capacity of Mars.
Mercury Yantra: This yantra for Mercury is based on the number four. The numbers
add up to 24 for each column and 72 for the total.
METAL: ALLOY OF METALS
Priyangu kalikas yamam rupena pratymam Budham
saumyam saumya gunopetam tam Budham prana mamyaham
Aum hram krom aim grahanathaya budhay savaha
The Mercury And The Astronomy
Mercury is a small, rocky planet that is closest to the sun. It is covered
with billions of craters where meteorites have struck its surface. Its varied
terrain also includes gently rolling plains; smooth, flat plains; long, steep
cliffs called scarps; and hills. Mercury's surface is covered with regolith,
a layer of scattered rubble created by the same impacts that caused its craters.
There are large sheets of ice on the planet's polar regions. Mercury has a very
thin atmosphere that is made of hydrogen, helium, potassium, and sulfur. It
is the only planet besides Venus without any moons.
At an average distance of 36 million miles, Mercury is the closest planet to
the Sun. Because of this it receives about seven times as much heat and light
as the Earth does. In fact, it is hard to see the planet from Earth without
a telescope because it is so close to the Sun. Mercury is the smallest inner
planet; except for Pluto, it is the smallest planet. It is also a very dense
planet. It would take 16 times the mass of Mercury to equal the mass of Earth.
The planet's diameter is about 3,030 miles - that's about two-fifths that of
the Earth. Mercury's force of gravity is about one-third as strong as Earth's.
Mercury travels around the Sun faster than any other planet - that's why the
ancient Romans named it in honor of the swift messenger of their gods. However,
the planet spins so slowly on its axis that one day on Mercury would last 59
Earth days. That means it rotates completely on its axis every 59 Earth days.
It makes one revolution around the Sun every 88 Earth days. However, the time
between sunrises on Mercury is 176 Earth days.
The side of Mercury that faces the Sun gets hot enough to melt lead. The temperature
on that side of the planet is about 810 degrees F. The side of Mercury that
faces away from the Sun gets hundreds of degrees colder than any place on Earth.
The temperature on that side of the planet is about -290 degrees F.
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