photo photo photo
photo
Using this site means you agree to its terms
hrule
hrule
Temples India
tmalai


India Temples Tour
MarkspacerAzhahar Koil

MarkspacerChennai Temples

MarkspacerChidambaram

MarkspacerKancheepuram

MarkspacerKannyakumari

MarkspacerKumbakonam

MarkspacerMadurai

MarkspacerUppiliappan Koil

MarkspacerPalani

MarkspacerPapanasam

MarkspacerPazhamuthir Solai

MarkspacerRameswaram

MarkspacerSamayapuram

MarkspacerSeerkazhi

MarkspacerSri Kalahasti

MarkspacerSri Rangam

MarkspacerSuchindram

MarkspacerSwamimalai

MarkspacerTanjore

MarkspacerThiruvanaikka

MarkspacerThiruchendur

MarkspacerTiruchirapalli

MarkspacerThirunallar

MarkspacerThirunelveli

MarkspacerThirupparankunram

MarkspacerThiruppathi

MarkspacerThiruththani

MarkspacerThiruvannamalai

MarkspacerVaitheeswaran Koil


Member Area


Help us to help you!

Thiru Mantiram Temples India Hindu Gods Discover India Hindu Panchang

Thiruvannamalai

Thiruvannamalai is one of the 'Panch bootha sthala' dedicated to Lord Shiva. Here He appeared as a 'Jothi' or Fire and is worshipped as a Jothi lingam. The name Thiruvannamalai is taken from the hill near the temple and the deity is called 'Arunachaleswarar'.

Location

Thiruvannamalai has a railway station on the Villuppuram -Katpady line on the Southern Railway. There are bus services to this town from all the major towns in Tamilnadu. Accommodation is available both in the guest-houses maintained by the temple authorities and in the hotels in the town.

The Temple

The temple occupies an area of about 25acres with four large 'gopuram' on each side. The largest 'gopuram' is above the eastern entrance which is the main entrance. There are five 'praharam' or corridors around the central structure with a high wall running on all four sides at the edge of the outer 'praharam'. There are numerous shrines for other deities in the temple complex and Goddess Parvathy has a separate shrine on the third 'praharam'. She is worshipped as 'Unnamulai Ambal'.

Annamalai achieves its importance as a venerated and holy place as it is mentioned in Hindu mythology and legends and also by its association with saints, sages and religious men and women who have sung the praises of the deity in their devotional outpourings. The temple also has an important place as a repository of historical chronicles with its large amount of inscriptions on its walls and pillars. These are studied and researched by historians in an attempt to understand the life in the country centuries ago.

Legend

Once there was a dispute between Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu as to who was superior. This created untold suffering among all living things as their respective duties of creation and protection were being left unattended. Lord Shiva in order to put an end to this dispute appeared before them as fire in the shape of a glowing mountain.. The two who were quarrelling did not realise who or what this 'mountain of fire' was. So they decided to search for the 'Aathi' (beginning) and the 'Antham' (end) of this 'Jothi' and whoever succeeded first would be declared the superior god. Lord Brahma took the form of a swan and flew upwards in search of the beginning and Lord Vishnu took the form of a 'Varaha' (wild boar) and went burrowing in the earth in order to find the end. Each after flying high and borrowing low failed in his attempt to find the beginning or the end. Brahma did not want to concede defeat. While coming down he saw a petal of 'Thalampoo' floating in the air. He asked the flower to be his witness that he had seen the beginning. The flower agreed to his request. They arrived together and found Lord Vishnu and told Him that Brahma had seen the top and this flower 'Thalampoo' was the witness. At this juncture the 'Jothi' transformed itself as Lord Shiva and admonished Brahma for telling lies and the 'Thalampoo' for bearing false witness. He also decreed that no temples would be dedicated for Lord Brahma and that 'Thalampoo' should never be offered in worship.

Brahma and Vishnu realising their mistake prayed to Lord Shiva to remain there as a 'Jothi lingam'. Thus every year during the Tamil month of 'Karthigai' (November/December) on the 'Karthigai' day a blazing fire is lighted on the top of the hill to celebrate the appearance of Lord Shiva as 'Jothi'. This occasion is an important day in the calendar of Thiruvannamalai.

There is also another legend that says that Goddess Parvathy once playfully closed the eyes of Lord Paramasivan. This caused the entire universe to become dark and all activities to cease. This made Lord Shiva angry and in order to chastise Parvathy, she was banished to the earth. She came upon this earth and arrived at Kancheepuram. Here she fashioned a Sivalingam in sand and prayed to Lord Shiva to forgive her and take her back. Lord Shiva was pleased with her devotion and prayer and asked her to go to Thiruvannamalai and pray to Arunachaleswarar. Goddess Parvathy arrived at Thiruvannamalai and was finally united with the Lord by taking half his body on the left. This transformation of half Parvathy and half Shiva is called 'Arthanareeswarar'.

Though this temple is famous as a Shiva temple, there is a shrine dedicated to Lord Subramanya in the outer 'veethy' The deity is called 'Kambaththu Ilayanar'. This is where Lord Subramanya appeared on a pillar. The legend is as follows. Arunagirinathar, the saint poet and an ardent devotee of Lord Subramanya, lived in Thiruvannamalai. He had squandered his wealth by his youthful waywardness and had contracted an incurable disease as a result. Finally he got fed up with his lot and climbed a temple tower and jumped from there in an attempt to kill himself. Lord Subramanya stopped him falling in mid-air and blessed him with wisdom and set him in a path of piety and devotion. From that day he brought forth his devotion and piety in the form of devotional verses called 'Thiruppugal'. This brought fame and respect to Arunagirinathar. A court member of the king of Thiruvannamalai named Sambathanthan got jealous of Arunagirinathar. He was a devotee of Goddess Sakthi. He challenged Arunagirinathar for a contest. He said that he would make Goddess Sakthi appear before him and challenged Arunagirinathar to do the same with his Lord. Arunagirinathar accepted the challenge. When Sambathandan prayed to Goddess, She appeared in front of him but only he could see her. When Arunagirinathar prayed to Lord Subramanya His figure appeared on a stone pillar for everybody to see. It is this pillar with the image of Lord Subramanya which is installed in the sanctum of Kambathu Ilayanar temple.

Opening Hours and Festivals.

The temple opens at 7am and closes at 12 noon. Then it opens at 5.30 pm and closes at 10 pm.

There are festivals practically every month of the year, but the biggest festival takes place on the 'Karthigai' day in the month of 'Karthigai' when a beacon at the top of the mountain is lighted and is seen for miles around.

The 'Ramana Maharishi Ashram' is in the vicinity of the temple. People from far and wide are drawn to this 'ashram' where they enjoy an atmosphere of peace and tranquility.



Help Desk : Mailerindia provides valuable services to those who wish to discover the bliss and wisdom by the practice of Hindu Vedas, Dharmas and Yogas.

Query Answer service : If you have any queries regarding this article or hindu way of life section, send an email to the editorial team headed by the section editor rishi and vedic scholars who have indepth knowledge in the principles and practice of Hinduism.

The editor rishi belongs to the "Saiva" sect of hinduism, the forefathers of which are the noble saints like Thirumoolar, Thirugnana Sambandar, etc.,.

Click here to email him.




Slokas and Mantras

How does Mantra Work ?

How to do Mantra Japa ?

Gayatri Mantra

Sakam Gayatri

Mantras from the Veda

Hymns from the Veda

sarvaDevata prayer

Manthra Pushpam

Mantras FAQ?

Significance of 108?

Ganapathi Mantras

Special Mantras

Prayer Slokas

108 Namavali

Ganesa Panjarathnam

Siddhivinaayaka Stotram

Lord Siva

Gayatri

Mula Mantra

108 Namavali

Maha Mrithungjaya Mantra

Rudram & Chamakam

Shivandha Lahari

Lingeshwar

Ardanareeswar

Dakshinamurthy

Bhairava

Mother Devi

Gayatri

Mula Mantra

108 Namavali

Rajarajeswari Ashtothram

Durga Suktham

Saundarya Lahari

Lalita Sahasranamam

Mahishasura Mardini

Abirami Andhaathi

Skanda Mantras

Gayatri

Mula Mantra

108 Namavali

Saravana Maamantra

Lord Vishnu

Vishnu Gayatri

Rama Gayatri

Krishna Gayatri

Venkatesa Gayatri

Sudarsana Gayatri

Vishnu Mantras

Rama Mantras

Krishna Mantras

Venkatesa Mantras

Rama 108 Namavali

Venkatesa Suprabhaatam

Vishhnu Sahasranamam

Purusha Sooktham

Bhaja Govindam

Venkatesa Stotram

Sudarshana Ashhtakam

Narasimha 108 Namavali

Narasimhakavasam

Sathyanarayana Ashtothram

Dhanvanthri Mantra

Mahalakshmi

Gayatri

Mula Mantra

108 Namavali

Laksmi Ashtakam

Kubera Mantra

Tulasi Ashtotram

Kanakadhara Stotra

Saraswathi

Gayatri

Mula Mantra

108 Namavali

Surya Stuti

AAditya Hridaya Stotram

sUryamaNDal AshhTakam

Sri Aadhithya Ashtakam

aShTottarashatanaamavaliH

suvarNamAlAstutiH

saamaanyopanishhat

Navagraha Stotram

Other Deities

Santoshi Matha

Anjaneya

Ayyappa

Vaastu Purush

Hyagriva

Specific Mantras

Easy Delivery

Blessings for a child

Mantras for All Purpose