The Vedic principles of Vaastu:
There are five fundamental principles on which the Vedic
science of architecture stands upon:
1. The Doctrine of orientation:
In vaastu, east and north direction are given great
importance. The suns rays, being a rich source of vitamin D are
vital for the sustenance of life on earth; and the rays early in
the morning from the east emitting more light and less heat are
the best. Doors and windows in the east would allow the suns
ultra violet rays to penetrate into the house, bestowing their
benefits to the inmates of the house. In the afternoon on the
other hand the sun would be coursing to the west emitting infra
red rays which are detrimental to the health and hence less
number of windows and thick walls in the rooms in west and
Like the Sun, the earths magnetic fields also wield
significant influence on the well being of the inmates of the
house. For example Vaastu recommends the inmates of the house to
sleep with their head towards the south. The human body acts as a
magnet with the head as the north pole. If the head is directed
towards the north, it will repel the earths north pole . As a
consequence the blood circulation would be affected, causing
tensions and disturbed sleep.
There is a technical procedure by which the cardinal points
are ascertained for the orientation of the buildings. It should
be done in the location where the naval point of vaastu Prussia
lies that is the centre of the plot. Orientation played an
important role in the daily life of ancient Indians for to them,
Sun was the giver of all life.
2. Site Planning : Vaastu Purush Mandala
Vaastu means environment, Purush means energy, Mandala means
the astrological chart which relates the layout to the
orientation. The surface of earth in traditional Indian Cosmology
is regarded as demarcated by sunrise and sunset, and also by
North and South points, and is represented by a diagram or a
mandala of a square.
The science of architecture is a part of science of
luminaries. The Vaastu had come to the place of adjustment of
solar and lunar cycles. The no. 32 of the divinities residing in
the squares of the borders of the vaastumandala is also the sum
of 28 and 4, the no. of regents of the four planets who rule the
equinoctial and solstitial points referred to the cardinal points
and of regents of 28 nakshatras(constellations). Each of the
divisions in the mandala is called a pada and has a presiding
deity associated with it. Pada Vinyasa is a very convenient
method, like a modern graph divided into a uniform square for the
purpose of designing according to proportionate measurement.
The image of the Vaastu Purush on the Mandala is drawn in the
likeness of man. Forty five Gods are constituents of the body of
the Vastu purusha, the extent allotted to each of the deity
differs but not their relative position in the plan. The lord of
central square is always the Lord of Cosmos, the North is
attributed to the Lord of wealth, South to the Lord of death, the
east to the Lord of light, the west to the Lord of winds,
suggesting that their be a courtyard in the centre of the
When these are scrupulously followed proper ventilation and
good disposition to the Sun and privacy is insured. The house is
compared to the human body and the central courtyard with Brahma,
the eternal soul and their relationship is evoked when
grahepravesha (house warming) ceremony is performed with
traditional prayers and rituals.
3.The Proportionate Measurements: Mana
The adherence of mana is as old as Indian architecture and is
imperative to all creative activity, of which angula (3/4th. of
an inch) or hasta (18 inches) is the standard of measurements.
The measurement is divided into 6 categories:
Measurement of height, breadth, width or circumference, along
plumb lines, thickness, and interspace.
Proportional relationships of these categories are laid out for
various functional usageÕs.
4.The Six Rules of Vedic Architecture:
There are six main component part of the building :
Aadhistaana (Base), Stambha (Column), Prastara (Entablature),
Karna (Wings), Shikhara (Roof), and Stuupi (dome).
5.Aesthetics of the building:
Chanda is the structural aspect of building, its rhythmical
disposition is like that of poetry. The science of rhythm (Chanda
=beauty) extends to the rhythmical disposition of the ground plan
of the building and their vertical section (urdhva chanda) . Each
brick and each building unit is filled with rhythm, it is a
charged and compelling weight and shape in the hands of the
builder . Rhythm evokes a reality and measure builds it up .
Whatever is thus produced is called is Meya, which is measurable,
capable of being known and a quantity.
What ever construction be done on the land, be it a
residential house, or industrial organisation, or a public
institution, temple etc., in each case it is auspicious and
beneficial to keep the following points in mind while purchasing
a plot of land or constructing a building.
1. First of all the direction and shape of the plot has to be
considered well. A construction on quadrangular, rectangular or
square plot is beneficial and good from all aspects.
2. Big plot fetches prosperity, but it should not be having
cleavage or cracks any where.
3. Triangular shaped plot should not be selected for
constructing a building. It is inauspicious.
4. A small narrow plot in between two big plots is also not
good, because owner of the building on such plot always remains
5. If the length of the plot in east-west direction is more
than that in north-south direction, it is better.
6. If there is more open vacant space in south than in north,
it will lead to destruction and downfall whether it is in the
house or a industry, or in a temple or a hut.
7. It is auspicious if there is more open space in the east
than in the west; and more open space in the north than in the
8. All the heavy and permanent items should be placed in the
south-west corner of the building or plot.
9. While sleeping head should be kept in the east or south.
Never sleep with feet towards south or east.
10. Water tanks on the roof in the south-west direction are
auspicious. These should never be placed in north or north-east
11. Pooja room is always best in the north-east corner or near
12. Kitchen is always auspicious and best in the south-east
(Agney) corner, or Nort West corner.
13. Open space should be kept all around the building.
14. Building should be constructed such that it is higher in
the south-west and lower in the north-east. Walls should also be
made in this manner.
15. Underground water tank (for storage of water) well,
hand-pump, boring etc. should be built in north-east direction
only. Height of these water bodies should never be above the
plinth level of the main building.
16. As far as possible there should be only one main door of
the house, which should be adorned with auspicious symbols.
17. All the doors and windows should be of the same height
upper edges being in the same straight line.
18. There should not be a door above a door. This principle
does not apply on multistorey buildings. Height of the door on
upper floor should be kept less than that on the lower floor.
19. Family life will be more and more happy if more heavy
items are placed in the rooms on the south-west and
20. The more lighter (weightless) items are there in the
north, north-east and north-west directions, the more happier
will be the life of the family in the house.
21. It is better if there are no tall trees in the east. Trees
in the west are good.
22. In the same line, the plot having road on the east-north
directions is better to be selected.
23. 'Garbh' means the space or width in between two walls.
24. The essence of Vaastu Sastra is actually to make the house
in total conformity with the utilisation of five basic materials,
viz, earth, water, air, fire, space for specific functions in the
directions of places determined for the same. For example,
south-east corner is best for fire (kitchen etc.) North-West
direction for air and the North-East direction for attaining the
bliss for divine favour.
25. Specially, while constructing a house due care is to be
taken regarding position of doors, windows, Chulha (fire,
burner), well, bath room, bed room, toilet (latrine) and these
should be constructed strictly in the places allotted as per
26. If there is a well or any other pit in the south-east,
south-west or north-west direction, there will always be quarrels
in the family and there will be no peace.
27. West portion of the land should be raised and there should
be slope towards the east, which is auspicious.
28. Four sided (square) shaped plot of land is considered to
be the best as per Vaastu Shastra. All the architects (Vaastu
Shastris) have this opinion.
29. Almirahs, Sofa Set, Table and other heavy items which can
be placed permanently at a place, are auspicious if placed in the
South-West corner or near it in the west.
30. A temple can have doors on all the four sides.
31.Divide the length of the wall, on the side in which main
door is to kept, in nine equal parts; then leaving 5 parts on the
right and 3 parts on the left, door should be constructed in the
remaining one part or in the 7th part.
32. If living in a newly built house is stared without
worshipping Vaastu, several troubles and difficulties arise in
the family. Therefore Vaastu Poojan is must.
33. For interior decoration of the house, pictures and scenes
of war and battles, idols/statues of demons, pictures of pig
(boar), leopard, tiger, jackal, serpent, eagle, owl, pigeon,
hawk, crow, crane etc. are not auspicious. These should not be
put on the walls in the house for decoration.
34. Flow of water and its outlet in the directions other than
east, north-west, north-east and north is inauspicious and causes
35. Toilet (Latrine) is auspicious if constructed in
north-west corner. If necessary or in case of lack of space it
may be constructed in any direction, but the seat in the toilet
should be such that when using the toilet one should face towards
south or north only.
36. Only new wood should be used throughout in the
construction of a house, there remains no default relating to
Vaastu. At the most two or three types of wood may be used.
37. If only one kind of wood is used throughout in the
construction of a house, there remains no default relating to
Vaastu. At the most two or three types of wood may be use.
38. It is not auspicious to construct any thing towards the
south or west of the Vaastu zone. Construction should be done
towards north and east of this zone.
39. If extension is to be made, it should be extended in all
the sides. Extension only in one side is not auspicious.
40. Door of the stair-case should face either east or south.
It will be auspicious if the stairs are constructed in the west
or south on the right side.
41. If the earth (soil) on the land site is excavated and
removed, and fresh pure earth from elsewhere is filled in it,
there remains no defect of Shalya in the land.
42. Shadow of trees falling on the building in the duration 9
a.m. to 3 p.m. is inauspicious and causes troubles.
43.T.V., Radio or any other such device for entertainment
should be placed near the south west corner.
44. If more than one door are required, doors should be
constructed in the positions as suggested in the Vaastu-Shastra,
but no two doors be opposite each other.
45. Guest room or drawing room should be in the north or west
46. Room for the watchman or guard should be built near the
gate in the boundary wall on the left side. His quarter should be
on the left side of the gate.
So do you want your house to be Vaastu-perfect. These basic
Vaastu principles will help you design your house the Vaastu
The plot Shape of the plot plays a significant part in Vaastu.
A quadrangular, rectangular or square plot is considered
beneficial and good from all aspects. Triangular plot is
Also, a big plot fetches prosperity, but it should not be
having cleavage or cracks anywhere. A narrow plot in between two
big plots is also not good
If the length of the plot in east-west direction is more than
that in north-south direction, it is a good feature.
The site should be a good square or a rectangle if possible
with southwest corner equal to 90 degree. North, east or
northeast roads would do more good with two gates, one in the
east and the other in the north. Besides the northeast, southwest
or northwest blocks are also good. Ground levels should be
sloping towards Northeast, and the levels in southwest, should be
higher than all other sides.
An open well or a bore well should essentially be dug in
northeast, before the construction takes place. While designing
the complex, more open space should be left in the east and north
compared to west and south. Balconies towards north, east and
northeast are advisable and it is better not to keep balconies in
south and west in general. Kitchen is advisable in the southeast
or northwest and never in northeast. Staircases have to be in
south, west or southwest and to be avoided in northeast, because
head room of the staircase, higher than southwest is not
Main entrance into the flat could be from east, north, south,
northeast, west and northwest. No wells or bore wells should be
dug in southeast, northwest or southwest. Open area in north
south should be used for lawns, bore wells and sumps. This can
also be used for on and off parking.
Many examples can be cited to show that Vaastu, if followed in
constructing one house, office or business place, can give happy
and prosperous consequences. A question arises whether one can
achieve every thing in life by simply living in a house built as
per Vaastu. The answer is because Vaastu has its own limitations.
Just because one has a house as per Vaastu, one can not become a
top celebrity. Nevertheless, if the plot is good as per Vaastu
and house is built according to the Shastra, one may achieve many
of the following:
One may have health and happiness.
Children may come up in life.
One may succeed in getting good promotions, if in service.
One may make good money, if in business.
One may attain position and power, if in politics.
One may get the benefits as enumerated above, as per the degree
of perfection in following Vaastu. If one can satisfy 70 to 75 %
of Vaastu, he should be very happy. It is interesting to note
that some fortunate people have been living in good houses built
as per Vaastu, without knowing even elementary principles of the
Construction of a house or a work place following cent percent
Vaastu principles is not possible, because of the levels in and
around the plot, shape of the plot, number of roads and direction
of the roads abutting the plot. Hence one has to work with the
available plot and construct the house or office to suit ones
requirements under the given circumstances to provide maximum
benefit to the interiors of the house. An architect bestowed with
the knowledge of Vaastu designs the building, striking a balance
between the two depending upon the importance of one or the other
as the case may be.
Roads or lanes running right into the plot from different
directions cause Veedhi Shoola (spearing road). These Vaastu
defects are of eight types. The effect could be in varying
degrees depending upon the size and direction of the spearing
road. Veedhi shoola is generally considered to be bad. There are,
however a few exceptions. Veedhi shoolas in northeast are good
whether it is coming from north or east direction. While
searching for a plot, if one comes across such a situation, he
should take the advice of a Vaastu expert so as to avoid
complications at a later date. Veedhi Shoola on to the plot and
building from a wrong direction would give more negative
This research article is submitted by
Dr.K.Venkatesan BE, MTech, PGA, PhD, MsD, DDiv(hon).,. He is
a post-graduate in Engineering and he hails from the ancestry of Abirami Pattar.