Surya - The Sun
Aswa Dhwajaaya Vidhmahe
Padhma Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thannas Soorya Pracho Dhayaath.
Japaa Kusuma Sankaasam
Kaasyapeyam Mahaath' Yuthim
Thamo'urim Sarva Paapa Ganam
One who looks like the Hibiscus flower, Son of Kashyapa, full of
radiance, Foe of darkness and the one who dispells all sins, I prostrate
He is the God - a living God - whom everyone can see, perceive and pray. Though
he is visible, he also has been presented in a variety of forms. He is the life-giver
and time-giver. The Vedas adore him as a witness (Sakshi) of all actions. He
is the lord of Leo in the Zodiac. He stays one month in each Rasi and takes
365 days or 12 months to complete a round of 12 Rasis. Worship of this Devata
(GOD) on Sunday is supposed to bring in manifold benefits to the worshippers.
SUN: The Sun in Vedic astrology is called Ravi, or Surya. The Sun rules the
Sign of Leo. He is exalted in the sign of Aries, and he is in his fall in the
sign of Libra.
The Sun is known as the Atmakaraka. This comes from the Sanskrit atma meaning
soul, and karaka meaning indicator. As "indicator of the soul" the
Sun is the giver of life. The Sun is the indicator of the father, our ego, honour,
status, fame, the heart, the eyes, general vitality, respect and power. The
Sun is in his strongest placement directly overhead in the 10th House. He is
also strong in the other Kendras, or Angles. These are the Houses 1, 4, and
7. The Sun also does well in what are called the upachaya, or growing Houses.
These are the Houses 3, 6 and 11. He is particularly beneficial for the fire
sign Ascendants of Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius.
His nature, or temperament is pitta, or fiery, and the gemstone associated
with the Sun is the red ruby. The Sun's metal is Gold and his direction
is East. His day, of course, is Sunday, and he comes into full maturity and
brilliance at age 22. The Sun, Surya was married to Samjna and she bore him
three children. Because of the Sun's unbearable brilliance Samjna left him
and left Chaya (shadow) in her place as wife, while she goes off to contemplate
Because the Sun is so bright, and at the same time not bright enough, as the
saying goes, he does not discover this deception until Chaya, the shadow wife,
has bore him three more children. Enraged he goes to his father-in-law to find
what has happened to his beautiful Samjna. Tvastr, his father-in-law explains
that his daughter found the Sun too bright to bear. So, in conciliation the
Sun allows Tvastr to put him on his cutting lathe and shear away his excess
brilliance until the Sun became a beautiful sight to behold. Surya then reunites
with his wife, Samjna and has 3 more children.
The moral of the myth suggests the stronger the Sun the bigger the ego, so
much in fact that there may be little room for other people to exist in such
egoistic brilliance! This is where the excess vanity of the Sun exerts a malefic
A well-placed Sun gives intelligence, perception, strength of will and character.
It affords endurance, stamina, vitality, positive spirit, direction, courage,
conviction, confidence, leadership, independence and straight- forwardness.
An ill-placed Sun gives lack of intelligence, poor perception, weakness of
will and character. It creates lack of endurance, low vitality, melancholy,
fear, dependency or servitude, deviousness or dishonesty.
An overly strong but ill-disposed Sun creates pride, arrogance, tyranny and
control. It creates much of the same problems as Mars (or Saturn) when too strong.
A weak but spiritually disposed Sun makes us receptive, wanting to do good and
self-effacing.It can indicate the government in general and whatever favours
or promotions may come through it. It represents law and order on lower or higher
Father, Aathma, physical strength, right eye, governmental largesse are the
beneficial aspects of this planet. Surya's wives are Usha, Prathyusha. The presiding
deities are Puranavaradheeswarar and his consort Mangalanayaki. Surya is the
Lord of Simma Rasi and occupies the central place amongst the navagrahas. The
adidevatha is Agni, prathyutha Devatha - Rudran. His colour is red and his vahana
is a chariot drawn by seven horses. The grain associated with his is wheat;
the flower - lotus, yerukku; fabric - red clothes; gem - ruby; food - wheat,
rava, chakkara pongal.
The Sun in Vedic astrology is called Ravi, or Surya. He is considered to be
mild malefic, in consideration of the hot, dry in nature. As in western tropical
astrology, the Sun rules the Sign of Leo. He is exalted in the sign of Aries,
and he is in his fall in the sign of Libra. The Sun is known as the ATMAKARAKA.
This comes from the Sanskrit ATMA meaning soul, and KARAKA meaning indicator.
As "indicator of the soul" the Sun is the giver of life. The Sun is the indicator
of the father, our ego, honors, status, fame, the heart, the eyes, general vitality,
respect and power. The Sun is in his strongest placement directly overhead in
the 10th House. He is also strong in the other Kendra's, or Angles. These are
the Houses 1, 4, and 7. The Sun also does well in what are called the upachaya,
or growing Houses. These are the Houses 3, 6, and 11. He is particularly beneficial
for the fire sign Ascendants of Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius. His nature, or
temperament is PITTA, or fiery, and the gemstone associated with the Sun is
the red ruby. The Sun's metal is Gold and his direction is east. His day is
Sunday, and he comes into full maturity and brilliance at age 22.
In the six sects established by Adi Sankara, Souram is one devoted to Sun God.
Even in other religions, Sun worship has place. In the Zodiac, Sun occupies
a prominent place - the Center. This graha is the source of life and he is therefore
described as the life-giver - PRANADHATA. He helps one gain his eyesight and
SURYANAMASKAR (worship by prostration) will strengthen one's bones, cure illness,
however severe it may be, cleanses the devotee from his sins and bestows on
him progeny, wealth, good-health and long life. He is the cause for rainfall
benefiting the world.
DEITY: The main deity is the Sun-god. The sun is personified as seated on a
pink lotus in lotus posture. While driving a chariot led by seven white horses,
he is holding lotus flowers in his hands giving blessings..
EXALTED SUN: STRONG PERIODS: The best time of the months are from 21 March
to 28 April and 10 July to August 20. This period are best suited for making
new plans & investments.
DEBILITATED SUN: WEAK PERIODS: The weak period for the Sun are during the months
of October, November and December. During these times one feels lack of interest
in their work, setbacks in their health, and stress level is generally high.
One may also suffer from position and wealth. They should avoid making new plans.
HEALTH AND DISEASES: One will suffer form their blood circulatory system and
suffer from high blood pressure in old age. Foods of any acidity should be avoided.
Temperament is bile-dominated (pitta) and they need to maintain alkaline blood
chemistry. Bile gets aggravated by anger, grief, fear, physical exertion, improper
digestion, and the use of bitter, pungent, acidic, salty, and dry substances.
They should avoid direct exposure of Sun over a long period. Bile is naturally
aggravated in Summer and autumn and noon and midnight. They should avoid oily
foods. Foods of fish, meat , wine, yogurt and they should avoid eating in the
late hours of the evenings.
FASTING: Fasting all day of the Sunday and eating salt-free fasting food (such
as sweet chick pea and bread and milk sweetened with dates, flavoured with cardamom
and anise) fasting with only one meal taken before sunset is beneficial.
Solar Yantra: This yantra shows the manifestation of solar energy. Five is
the root number of manifestation. We have five elements, five sense organs and
five limbs (two arms, two legs and head). Hence, this is not just a mathematical
curiosity but reflects cosmic law. The number 15 shows the manifestations of
solar energy. The total of all the number is 45, 9X5, which shows the full development
of the fivefold force.
FASTING for purification of the blood on lemon water for three days is also
good occasionally in summer and autumn, when the bile is naturally aggravated.
MEDITATION: One should mediate on the rising Sun. If this is not possible,
they should mediate on a ruby.
DHYANAM: Japa kusuma samkasam kasyapeyam mahadyutim
tanorim sarva papaghnam praamatosmi divakaram II
MAIN MANTRA: Aum hrim ghrnih surya adityom I
Gayatri: Aum Asva dhvajáya vidmahé, pása hàstáya dhimahi,
tanno suryah prachódayát.
JAPA MANTRA: Repetition of the mantra of any planet should be completed within
the ascending cycle of the Moon and should be repeated the prescribed number
of the times. The japa of mantra should be recited 7,000 times with in the ascending
cycle of the Moon. AUM HRIM HRIM SURIYAYE NAMAH AUM
PLANT SAMIT: THE MADAR
COLOURS: Orange, yellow, gold yellow, copper and gold.
METAL: THIS SHOULD BE MADE ON COPPER OR GOLD
The Sun And The Astronomy
The Sun is the star, or huge ball of hot glowing gases, which is nearest to
the Earth. It is only one of billions of stars in our universe and it is not
an unusual star. However if it wasn't for its heat and light, there wouldn't
be any life on our planet. In fact, many ancient peoples worshipped the Sun
because they believed it was a god.
The Sun is essential to life on our planet because plants use sunlight to make
their own food in a process called photosynthesis. Oxygen is a byproduct of
the process. Humans and animals not only eat the plants, but they breathe in
the oxygen. Humans and animals breathe out carbon dioxide, which the plants
use during photosynthesis.
The Sun, mainly composed of hydrogen, is the source of almost all of Earth's
energy. However, our planet only receives half a billionth of the energy that
leaves the star. The process that takes place deep inside the Sun produces nuclear
energy - that's the same thing that happens in a hydrogen bomb.
Every second, the Sun uses up four million tons (4 billion kg) of itself to
produce sunlight. The nuclear fusion of this amount of hydrogen produces tremendous
heat. The temperature at the center of the Sun is about 15 million degrees Centigrade.
In fact, the Sun's heat can destroy cells in your eye and cause blindness -
that's why you should never view it directly or through an ordinary telescope.
Because of its intense heat, the only safe way to study the Sun is to project
its image through a pinhole or a telescope onto a white screen. Scientists study
the Sun because it is a typical star and by studying it, they can learn more
about stars in general.
The Sun is about 93 million miles (149 km)away from Earth. Yet, the temperature
of any place on our planet depends upon the Sun's position. The Sun's diameter
is about 865,000 miles (1,384 km). In fact, it's so large that more than one
million planets the size of Earth could fit inside it. The nine planets in our
solar system travel around the Sun because of the gravitational effects of its
mass. Scientists think our solar system is about 4,600,000,000 years old and
that someday billions of years from now, the Sun will burn all its fuel and
Our solar system is made up of the Sun and all the objects that travel around
it. The objects that travel around the Sun include the planets, moons, asteroids,
meteoroids, comets, and interplanetary dust and gas. Our solar system is shaped
like a disk. Some scientists think that our solar system might have a tenth
planet, a Planet X.
The Sun is one of only billions of stars in the universe. Long ago, people
believed the Earth was at the center of the solar system. Today, however, we
know the planets, moons, and Earth all revolve around the Sun. Some of the other
stars in the universe might have planets similar to those in our solar system.
Our solar system is about one light-day across. In contrast, the Milky Way is
100;000 light-years across.
Distances within our solar system are measured in Astronomical Units (AU).
One AU is the distance from the Earth to the Sun. Pluto, for example, is the
farthest planet from the Sun at 39.44 AU. Scientists believe the Milky Way is
at least twice as old as our solar system. Our Sun is the only star we know
that has such a large system of planets. There is much debate over whether there
is life anywhere else in our solar system. Most scientists, however, believe
that there is no intelligent life elsewhere in our solar system.
Over the years, there have been several different theories formulated to explain
the origin of our solar system. However, each of them has been proven flawed.
Because our solar system encompasses such a great distance and because it was
formed so long ago, it is very hard to find evidence to test these theories.
In fact most early theories were only based upon the following facts: most of
the objects in our solar system spin in the same direction on their axes; most
objects in the solar system orbit the Sun in the same direction that it spins;
most moons orbit their planets in the same direction that the planets orbit
the sun; from the sun outward, the distance between the planets' orbits increases;
the solar system is disc-shaped. Today, our most important information comes
from space probes.
Current theories concerning the origin of our solar system can be considered
either monistic or dualistic. Monistic theories state that the objects in our
solar system were formed from a solar nebula, a flat cloud of gas. Some monistic
theories state that the objects in our solar system were formed at the same
time. Others state that the Sun was formed first and then the rest of the solar
system was formed form the gas that was left over. Most astronomers support
monistic theories. An example of a monistic theory is the Protoplanet Theory.
Gerard P. Kuiper and Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain formulated the Protoplanet
Theory. The theory states that a solar nebula was formed when a large cloud
of interstellar matter came together. Next, the solar nebula developed a dense
center. That dense center was the protosun. Then, gravity caused the matter
from the outer part of the cloud to form clusters. These clusters became protoplanets.
Next, gravity caused the protosun to contract. This caused the Sun to heat up
and blow most of what remained of the cloud into space. Finally, enough matter
was left to come together and form the planets. Protomoons became moons as protoplanets
Dualistic theories state that our solar system was formed when an immense object
passed the Sun. The object's gravity pulled a long stream of gas out from the
Sun and the planets and other objects in our solar system formed from that gas.
Scientists believe that the future of solar system depends on the future of
the Sun. They think the Sun will remain the way it is for the next four or five
billion years. Then, however, it will exhaust its supply of hydrogen. When this
happens, the Sun will have nuclear reactions involving helium and heavier atoms.
Next, the Sun will become a bigger and brighter red giant, expand beyond Venus'
orbit, and possibly engulf our planet. Then, after much time has passed, the
Sun will exhaust all of it nuclear fuel and begin to cool down. Finally, our
sun will become a white-dwarf star, and as it cools down, it will become a dense,
dark black dwarf. Those planets that are not engulfed will freeze and orbit
the black dwarf.
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